Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/ma14113133
Title: A novel dry treatment for municipal solid waste incineration bottom ash for the reduction of salts and potential toxic elements
Language: English
Authors: Abis, Marco  
Bruno, Martina 
Simon, Franz-Georg 
Grönholm, Raul 
Hoppe, Michel 
Kuchta, Kerstin  
Fiore, Silvia 
Keywords: bottom ash; dry treatment; incineration; municipal solid waste; potential toxic elements; salts
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2021
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Source: Materials 14 (11): 3133 (2021-06-01)
Abstract (english): 
The main obstacle to bottom ash (BA) being used as a recycling aggregate is the content of salts and potential toxic elements (PTEs), concentrated in a layer that coats BA particles. This work presents a dry treatment for the removal of salts and PTEs from BA particles. Two pilot-scale abrasion units (with/without the removal of the fine particles) were fed with different BA samples. The performance of the abrasion tests was assessed through the analyses of particle size and moisture, and that of the column leaching tests at solid-to-liquid ratios between 0.3 and 4. The results were: the particle-size distribution of the treated materials was homogeneous (25 wt % had dimensions <6.3 mm) and their moisture halved, as well as the electrical conductivity of the leachates. A significant decrease was observed in the leachates of the treated BA for sulphates (44%), chlorides (26%), and PTEs (53% Cr, 60% Cu and 8% Mo). The statistical analysis revealed good correlations between chloride and sulphate concentrations in the leachates with Ba, Cu, Mo, and Sr, illustrating the consistent behavior of the major and minor components of the layer surrounding BA particles. In conclusion, the tested process could be considered as promising for the improvement of BA valorization.
DOI: 10.15480/882.3597
ISSN: 1996-1944
Journal: Materials 
Other Identifiers: doi: 10.3390/ma14113133
Institute: Circular Resource Engineering and Management V-11 
Document Type: Article
Project: BASH-TREAT-Optimierung der Rostaschebehandlung für eine verbesserte Rückgewinnung von Metallen und Wertstoffen aus der Feinfraktion-Teilprojekt 1: Qualitätssicherung und weitergehende Entwicklung der Aufbereitungstechnik. 
Publikationsfonds 2021 
Funded by: Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung 
More Funding information: The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support to the project BASH-Treat (ID 157) provided by the ERA-MIN2 Research & Innovation Programme on Raw Materials to Foster Circular Economy, by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF, FKZ 033RU005 A-C) and by the Italian Ministry of University and Research (MIUR). The authors are thankful to project partners Heidemann Recycling GmbH and Sysav Utveckling AB.
License: CC BY 4.0 (Attribution) CC BY 4.0 (Attribution)
Appears in Collections:Publications with fulltext

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat
materials-14-03133-v2.pdf3,75 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
Show full item record

Page view(s)

Last Week
Last month
checked on Mar 21, 2023


checked on Mar 21, 2023


Last Week
Last month
checked on Jun 30, 2022

Google ScholarTM


Note about this record

Cite this record


This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons