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Publisher DOI: 10.3390/su14010480
Title: Solid waste management in the context of a circular economy in the MENA region
Language: English
Authors: Hemidat, Safwat 
Achouri, Ouafa 
El Fels, Loubna 
Elagroudy, Sherien 
Hafidi, Mohamed 
Chaouki, Benabbas 
Ahmed, Mostafa 
Hodgkinson, Isla 
Guo, Jinyang 
Keywords: solid waste management (SWM);legal framework;financial framework;treatment technologies and disposal;MENA region
Issue Date: 3-Jan-2022
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Source: Sustainability 14 (1): 480 (2022)
Journal: Sustainability 
Abstract (english): 
Solid waste management in most MENA countries is characterized by lack of planning, improper disposal, inadequate collection services, inappropriate technologies that suit the local conditions and technical requirements, and insufficient funding. Therefore, waste management is mainly limited to collection, transportation, and disposal. As the circular economy has recently been given high priority on the MENA region’s political agenda, all MENA member states are seeking to move away from old-fashioned waste disposal, “waste management”, towards a more intelligent waste treatment, “resource efficiency”. This paper presents a comprehensive overview of national systems for municipal solid waste (MSW) management, and material and energy recovery as an important aspect thereof, in the context of the circular economy in selected countries in the MENA region. Since policy, regulation, and treatment technologies are traditionally connected to MSW management, the focus of this article is twofold. Firstly, it aims to identify the different practices of solid waste management employed in selected MENA region countries and their approaches to embracing the circular economy and, secondly, it examines the extent to which policies and technologies applied play any role in this context. The study revealed that most waste management issues in the countries analyzed appear to be due to political factors and the decentralized nature of waste management with multi-level management and responsibilities. In fact, material and energy recovery in the context of municipal solid waste management does not differ significantly in the countries in the MENA region considered. In most cases, “waste” is still seen as “trouble” rather than a resource. Therefore, a fresh vision on how the solid waste management system can be transformed into a circular economy is required; there is a need for paradigm shift from a linear economy model to a circular-economy model.
DOI: 10.15480/882.4085
ISSN: 2071-1050
Other Identifiers: doi: 10.3390/su14010480
Institute: Umwelttechnik und Energiewirtschaft V-9 
Document Type: Article
Project: University network group for waste management and cicular economy 
More Funding information: Acknowledgments: This research was carried out within the framework of the German–MENA university network for waste management and circular economy project, which is funded by the PREVENTWaste Alliance, an initiative of the German Federal Government.
License: CC BY 4.0 (Attribution) CC BY 4.0 (Attribution)
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