Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.compfluid.2017.05.006
Title: On the development of an efficient numerical ice tank for the simulation of fluid-ship-rigid-ice interactions on graphics processing units
Language: English
Authors: Janßen, Christian Friedrich  
Mierke, Dennis  
Rung, Thomas  
Keywords: Free surface flow; FSI; GPGPU; LBM; Numerical ice tank; Physics engine; Ship-ice interactions
Issue Date: 15-May-2017
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Source: Computers and Fluids (155): 22-32 (2017)
Abstract (english): 
This paper reports on the adaptation of a Lattice Boltzmann based free surface flow solver to the simulation of complex fluid-ship-ice interactions in marine engineering. The analysis is restricted to the interaction of already broken ice floes and the ship hull, aiming at the optimization of a ship hull's capability to clear the ice and keep it away from the propulsion device. The ice floes and the ship hull are treated as rigid bodies. In order to model the dynamics of the colliding rigid multi-body systems, a coupling of the flow solver to the Open Dynamics Engine (ODE) is established. The basic methodology and initial validation of the fluid-structure coupling is presented. Then, basic validations of the employed collision and friction models are given, particularly focusing on interacting surface triangle meshes that later serve to describe the ice floes. Finally, a three-dimensional validation case shows that the ship-fluid-rigid-ice interaction forces agree well with available reference data. Apart from the numerical coupling, performance has to be addressed. The employed flow solver ELBE uses graphics processing units (GPUs) to accelerate the numerical calculations. In order to make the GPU performance accessible to colliding multi-body systems, a careful and tailor-made implementation is presented in the paper. The resulting optimized ELBE-ODE solver allows for the investigation of three-dimensional fluid-ship-ice interactions in a very competitive computational time, on off-the-shelf desktop hardware.
ISSN: 0045-7930
Journal: Computers & fluids 
Institute: Fluiddynamik und Schiffstheorie M-8 
Document Type: Article
Project: Einfluss der Formgebung von Schiffen auf die Propulsionseffizienz und Propeller-Eis-Belastung; Modellierung der Umströmung von Schiffen in eisbedeckten Gewässern 
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