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Publisher DOI: 10.1016/
Title: Determination of the Elastic-plastic Transition of Human Enamel by Nanoindentation
Language: English
Authors: Ang, Siang Fung 
Scholz, Torben 
Klocke, Arndt 
Schneider, Gerold A. 
Keywords: elastisch-inelastischer Übergang, Mechanische Eigenschaften, Eindruckversuch;calcified tissues, elastic-inelastic transition, enamel, mechanical properties, nanoindentation
Issue Date: 2009
Source: DENTAL MATERIALS, 25(11), 1403–1410 (2009)
Journal or Series Name: Dental Materials 
Abstract (english): Objectives/Methods: From a materials scientist's perspective, dental materials used for tooth repair should exhibit compatible mechanical properties. Fulfillment of this criterion is complicated by the fact that teeth have a hierarchical structure with changing mechanical behavior at different length scales. In this study, nanoindentation with an 8 μm spherical indenter was used to determine the elastic/plastic transition under contact loading for enamel. Results: The indentation elastic/plastic transition of enamel at the length scale of several hundreds of hydroxyapatite crystallites, which are within one enamel rod, is revealed for the first time. The corresponding penetration depth at the determined indentation yield point of 1.6 GPa and 0.6 % strain is only 7 nm. As a consequence of the small depth it is decisive for the experiment to calibrate the indenter tip radius in this loading regime. The elastic modulus of 123 GPa was evaluated directly by the Hertzian penetration and not by the unloading part of the indentation curve. Significance: We believe these data are also a valuable contribution to understand the mechanical behavior of enamel and to develop nanoscale biomimetic materials.
DOI: 10.15480/882.739
ISSN: 1879-0097
Institute: Keramische Hochleistungswerkstoffe M-9 
Type: (wissenschaftlicher) Artikel
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